It’s safe to say 2020 will be remembered for one thing: the Coronavirus pandemic.

    In addition to the millions of people lost and countless lives it upended, it wrought havoc on the global economy and vehicle sales.

    Unsurprisingly, all manufacturers saw a downturn in a sales.

    Volkswagen and Toyota swapped places at the top of the sales chart, while the Stellantis merger – even though it only took place in 2021 – has opened up a spot in the top 10, allowing Suzuki to sneak in.

    SalesChange from 2019Movement
    1Toyota Motor Corp9.3 million-11.1 per centUp 1 place
    2Volkswagen Group9.1 million-15.1 per centDown 1 place
    3Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi Alliance7.8 million-23.2 per centSteady
    4GM6.8 million-11.5 per centSteady
    5Hyundai Motor Group6.4 million-11.7 per centSteady
    6Stellantis6.3 million-17.7 per centNew
    FCA was 8th, PSA 9th
    7Honda4.4 million-14.8 per centSteady
    8Ford Motor Company4.2 million-22 per centDown 2 places
    9Daimler2.5 million-13 per centUp 1 place
    10Suzuki2.5 million-11.6 per centUp 1 place

    Developed economies have managed to (so far) soften the impact of the pandemic to their economies, and consequently auto sales have remained stronger.

    Many emerging markets saw steep falls as their governments were unable to provide the same level of economic assistance as their richer counterparts.

    The only two countries where a significant number of automakers saw gains were China and South Korea. Both countries have managed to contain the pandemic in their own unique ways.

    After spending too much time parsing financial statements, we can confirm only three automakers routinely break out Australian numbers in their global sales figures: Mazda, Mitsubishi and Subaru.

    Given all three are smaller manufacturers with a comparatively outsize presence here in Australia, that’s perhaps no surprise.

    Toyota Motor Corp: 9.4 million

    Toyota Motor Corporation sold 9,386,145 passenger cars across its three brands, a decrease of 11.1 per cent from 2019.

    The Hino division sold 142,293 trucks in 2020, a decrease of 25.1 per cent. As with Volkswagen, we’ve removed this number from Toyota’s final tally.

    SalesChange from 2019
    Toyota7,973,453-11.0 per cent
    Lexus718,715-6.1 per cent
    Daihatsu693,977-17.2 per cent

    It’s more than 23 years since the original Prius was launched, and Toyota’s long-term investment in hybrid drivetrains is starting to pay off with significant sales across many parts of the globe.

    Hybrids accounted for 1,905,941 of the company’s sales, a slight increase of 1.7 per cent over 2019.

    Despite being an early mover in hybrids, Toyota has been much slower embracing plug-in hybrids. Represented primarily by the Prius Prime and RAV4 Prime, Toyota sold just 48,513 PHEVs in 2020, down 14.2 per cent.

    Just 3346 pure EVs were sold by the company, which is infinitely more than the zero it retailed in 2019. A further 1770 Mirai fuel cell sedans also found new homes, a decrease of 29 per cent.

    RegionSalesChange from 2019
    Asia (ex. Japan)2,768,581-6.8 per cent
    – China1,797,487+10.9 per cent
    – Thailand244,316-26.5 per cent
    – Indonesia183,656-44.7 per cent
    North America2,408,072-12.7 per cent
    – USA2,112,941-11.3 per cent
    Japan1,504,221-6.6 per cent
    Europe961,699-8.5 per cent
    Middle East358,933-21.1 per cent
    Latin America280,257-31.2 per cent
    Oceania243,508-5.0 per cent
    – Australia213,647-0.8 per cent
    Africa165,044-19.1 per cent
    – South Africa88,008-30.7 per cent

    The largest market for Lexus was North America (296,779) down 8.6 per cent. This is followed by Asia (262,843) up 7.9 per cent.

    In third place, Europe (69,094) was down 18.5 per cent while Japan (49,059) was next, down 21.4 per cent.

    Volkswagen Group: 9.1 million

    The Volkswagen Group sold 9,115,200 vehicles across its eight brands. This 15.1 per cent drop not only saw it fall below the 10 million mark, but also concede first place.

    If you see the number 9,305,400 quoted elsewhere, this figure includes the sales of the MAN (118,100) and Scania (72,100) heavy truck brands.

    For the purposes of this article, we’ve excluded heavy trucks as best we can from this article.

    BrandSalesChange from 2019
    Volkswagen (cars)5,328,000-15.1 per cent
    Audi1,692,800-8.3 per cent
    Skoda1,004,800-19.1 per cent
    Seat427,000-25.6 per cent
    Porsche272,200-3.1 per cent
    Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles371,700-24.4 per cent
    Others (incl. Bentley, Bugatti, Lamborghini)19,300-3.0 per cent

    There were big decreases in volume across the board, although Asia performed best due to its handling of the Coronavirus pandemic.

    China – through the company’s partnerships with SAIC and FAW – remains the German firm’s largest single market, outselling all of Europe combined.

    South America, and in particular Brazil, were hit hard by the pandemic, causing sales to fall almost 20 per cent. Despite this, the automaker’s share in the region grew as other companies suffered more.

    RegionSalesChange from 2019
    Asia Pacific4,122,200-9.1 per cent
    – China3,849,000-9.1 per cent
    – Australia66,260-14.1 per cent
    Europe3,616,900 -20.5 per cent
    North America785,800-17.4 per cent
    – USA574,800-12.1 per cent
    South America489,700-19.5 per cent
    – Brazil377,600-19.7 per cent
    Middle East, Africa290,700-12.3 per cent

    Last year saw Volkswagen’s big push into the world of electric cars begin, with mass production of the Volkswagen ID.3 kicking into gear.

    Although production of the all-electric hatch got off to a rocky start due to problems related to its electronic systems, electric cars accounted for 11.6 per cent of the group’s sales in Germany, up from 1.5 per cent the year before.

    Globally, the company sold 231,600 pure electric cars in 2020, or over three times as many as in 2019.

    EV modelSales
    Volkswagen ID.356,500
    Audi E-Tron47,300
    Volkswagen e-Golf41,300
    Volkswagen e-Up22,200
    Porsche Taycan20,000

    The automaker also recorded a significant increase in plug-in hybrid sales, particularly in Western Europe, where the European Union fleet CO2 target of 95g/km is pushing automakers to aggressively roll out PHEVs and EVs.

    Across the world, the conglomerate sold 190,500 plug-in hybrids, an increase of 175 per cent year-on-year. In Western Europe, PHEVs accounted for 10.5 per cent of sales, up from 1.9 per cent.

    PHEV modelSales
    Volkswagen Passat27,200
    Audi Q523,500
    Porsche Cayenne21,500
    Skoda Superb16,400
    Volkswagen Golf15,200

    Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi Alliance: 7.8 million

    With 7,782,783 sales across all three companies, the Alliance managed to keep a place on the podium, but the sales decline of 23.2 per cent is significantly steeper than those suffered by its rivals.

    SalesChange from 2019
    Nissan Motor4,012,934-22.5 per cent
    Groupe Renault2,949,849-21.3 per cent
    – Renault1,787,121-24.1 per cent
    – Dacia520,765-29.2 per cent
    – Lada383,983-7.0 per cent
    – Jinbei, Huasong156,331-3.4 per cent
    – Renault Samsung Motors90,300+14.2 per cent
    – Alpine1,526-68.4 per cent
    Mitsubishi Motors820,000-33.1 per cent

    The only brand in the Renault Group stable to grow last year was Renault Samsung Motors. Its range of locally-produced, Renault-derived models grew along with the rest of the South Korean market, but is still a long way behind compatriots Hyundai, Kia, and Genesis.

    In another positive note, Renault claims it was the number one brand in Europe for electric cars during 2020 with 115,888 sales. The Zoe hatch, up 114 per cent to 100,657 sales, made up the bulk of sales, with the Kangoo Z.E. van accounting for the remainder.

    It should be noted the Volkswagen Group sold more EVs in Europe in 2020, but its sales were split across several marques. Given the ramp up in production of the ID.3 and introduction of the ID.4, it’s likely Renault will be unable to hold onto its electric crown.

    Groupe Renault RengionSalesChange from 2019
    Western Europe1,443,917-25.8 per cent
    – France535,591-23.3 per cent
    Eastern Europe743,519-0.7 per cent
    – Russia480,742N/A
    – Romania59,180N/A
    Africa, Middle East, India, Pacific346,207-23.3 per cent
    – Australia6911-20.3 per cent
    Latin America260,478-38.6 per cent
    China155,728-13.3 per cent

    In its homeland, Renault took a 26.1 per cent share of the new car market. Russia was the company’s second largest single country market, with the firm securing a 30.1 per cent share, and Lada still the nation’s most popular marque on 21.5 per cent.

    The French automaker was also the dominant force in Romania (40.5 per cent) and Morocco (41.1 per cent) thanks to Dacia, and its manufacturing presence in both countries.

    Unfortunately Nissan doesn’t break down its sales by brand, but we do know Datsun is being shut down and Infiniti sold 79,502 cars in the USA last year, a fall of 32.5 per cent – or roughly a quarter of what Lexus managed there.

    Nissan’s strengths largely lie where Renault is weakest (China) or not present (the US and Canada).

    Nissan RegionSalesChange from 2019
    China1,456,738-5.8 per cent
    North America1,183,778-32.4 per cent
    – USA899,217-33.2 per cent
    Japan468,518-17.5 per cent
    Europe406,235-28.3 per cent
    – Russia73,016-19.7 per cent
    Latin America140,497N/A
    Middle East118,208N/A
    Australia38,520-24.7 per cent

    Mitsubishi had a particularly rough year with its 820,000 sales, a steep 33.1 per cent decrease from the 1.23 million it notched up in 2019.

    A lot of this can be attributed to the company’s reliance on developing markets, which registered some of the biggest drops.

    Unlike other automakers, Mitsubishi did not benefit from a bounce in the Chinese economy after it relaxed its strict Coronavirus restrictions.

    Mitsubishi RegionSalesChange from 2019
    Asia291,000-39.0 per cent
    – China80,000-43.7 per cent
    – Thailand57,000-35.2 per cent
    – Indonesia55,000-53.8 per cent
    Europe164,000-28.7 per cent
    North America120,000-29.4 per cent
    Japan70,000-32.7 per cent
    Australia, New Zealand69,000-28.9 per cent
    – Australia58,335-30.0 per cent
    Middle East, Africa64,000-25.6 per cent
    Latin America42,000-32.3 per cent

    When the Alliance revealed its leader-follower model – with regions around the world assigned one manufacturer to be the focal point – it wasn’t surprising to see Mitsubishi designated as the lead for Australia/New Zealand.

    The brand sells just a tick over 51 per cent more vehicles here than Nissan, and almost 8.5 times the number moved by Renault and Alpine.

    Mitsubishi’s subsequent ‘Small but Beautiful’ turnaround plan saw it focus its efforts in the Asia Pacific region, which accounts for more than 52 per cent of its sales.

    The automaker announced it would commence its withdrawal from its second largest geographic region, Europe.

    Mitsubishi has since changed its mind and will stay on the Continent, although most of its future range will be produced by Renault.

    General Motors: 6.8 million

    Last year GM shrank its global footprint a little further by quitting its remaining right-hand drive markets, including Australia and Thailand.

    As a result of this and the Coronavirus pandemic, sales fell from 7,718,000 in 2019 to 6,829,000 in 2020, a drop of 11.5 per cent.

    Combined with the company’s earlier departure from Europe, with the sale of Opel/Vauxhall to the PSA Group, The General’s fortunes are increasingly tied to the wellbeing of the USA and China.

    The two countries account for 5,447,000 of its sales, or 79.8 per cent.

    RegionSalesChange from 2019
    North America2,924,000-13.2 per cent
    – US2,547,000-11.8 per cent
    China2,901,000-6.2 per cent
    South America470,000-29.8 per cent
    – Brazil338,000-29.0 per cent
    Rest of the world533,000-8.9 per cent
    – Australia43,176-61.3 per cent

    While the days of GM accounting for half of car sales in the US are gone, its 17.0 per cent market share gives it the number one spot.

    It also enjoys a healthy 11.6 per cent share of the new car market in China, and a 16.3 per cent share in Brazil.

    Chevrolet is also the number one brand in South America.

    US brandSalesChange from 2019
    Chevrolet1,739,000-11.2 per cent
    GMC516,000-8.7 per cent
    Buick163,000-21.3 per cent
    Cadillac129,000-17.3 per cent

    The company also broke down its sales by brand for two markets: the USA, and a large group encompassing the Asia Pacific, Middle East, and Africa.

    Pickup trucks accounted for 876,000 or 50.4 per cent of Chevrolet’s US sales, while crossovers amounted to 652,000 or 37.5 per cent.

    Traditional body style sales fell 38.2 per cent to just 211,000. Last year the Impala and Sonic exited showrooms, leaving just the Spark and Malibu behind.

    Asia Pacific, Middle East and Africa brandSalesChange from 2019
    Wuling1,102,000+7.5 per cent
    Buick885,000+4.1 per cent
    Chevrolet764,000-14.8 per cent
    Baojun402,000-33.9 per cent
    Cadillac237,000+7.2 per cent
    Other (includes GMC, Holden)44,000-42.9 per cent
    – Holden16,688-61.3 per cent

    It should be noted the figures for the combined Asia, Middle East, and African market is dominated by China, which accounts for 84.5 per cent of the 3,434,000 aggregated sales.

    Buick, Cadillac, and small van and people mover specialist Wuling all benefitted from China’s bounce back after its harsh Coronavirus lockdown measures.

    Baojun and Chevrolet, however, did not benefit to the same degree, although Chevrolet’s figures may be weighed down by sales dips in other countries as it is GM’s main brand outside of China.

    Hyundai Motor Group: 6.4 million

    SalesChange from 2019
    Hyundai/Genesis3,612,287-15.4 per cent
    Kia2,607,337-5.9 per cent

    The South Korean automaker sold 6,352,074 vehicles across its three brands in 2020, a fall of 11.7 per cent.

    Genesis, the company’s luxury marque, sold 132,450 vehicles across the world in 2020 with the majority (81.8 per cent) attributed to buyers in South Korea.

    In most markets Hyundai is the better-selling brand, although Kia was more popular in Europe by around 11,000 units.

    South Korea679,470108,384 520,205

    As with many other carmakers, Hyundai/Genesis saw its sales grow in South Korea, with the combined tally for both brands rising 6.2 per cent to 787,854.

    Automotive trivia nerds will be interested to know Hyundai’s most popular model in its home market was the Grandeur large sedan (145,463).

    It was followed by the Avante/Elantra (87,731), Sonata (67,440) and Palisade (64,791). The Genesis G80 (53,183) rounded out unit’s top five.

    Thanks to increased sales in South Korea, the overall figure at Kia was only down 5.9 per cent across the globe.

    Globally the Sportage (366,929) was Kia’s most popular model, with the Seltos (328,128) and K3/Cerato/Forte (237,688) taking the podium places.

    Stellantis: 6.3 million

    When Fiat Chrysler (FCA) and Groupe PSA announced their intention to merge in late 2019, the combined company was set to become the world’s fourth-largest automaker.

    In January 2021, FCA and PSA tied the knot to become Stellantis. But instead of starting in the number four slot, the new firm starts its life in sixth place with combined sales of around 6.25 million vehicles in 2020.

    Like other manufacturers, both FCA and PSA saw big declines as the Coronavirus pandemic closed factories, disrupted supply chains, and forced people to stay home.

    Unlike many other automakers, though, neither FCA or PSA has a significant presence in China, the first major power to get the pandemic under control.

    SalesChange from 2019
    Fiat Chrysler3,743,000-17.7 per cent
    Groupe PSA2,512,475-27.8 per cent

    Fiat Chrysler’s strength is in North America, which not only accounts for 55 per cent of sales, but practically of all of its profit.

    While FCA is able to earn billions in profit in North America, its European arm struggles to make millions as its range is skewed towards light vehicles.

    In the US market, Jeep (795,313) was the company’s top brand, ahead of Ram (624,642), Dodge (267,328), Chrysler (110,464), Alfa Romeo (18,586), and Fiat (4303).

    Importantly, the company’s best selling vehicles in the US also have healthy profit margins: Ram pickup (563,676), Jeep Grand Cherokee (209,786), and Jeep Wrangler (201,311).

    FCA RegionSalesChange from 2019
    North America2,049,000-18 per cent
    Europe, Middle East & Africa1,083,000-18 per cent
    Latin America503,000-13 per cent
    Asia Pacific108,000-29 per cent
    – Australia11,967-5.4 per cent

    As for the other half of Stellantis, a tick over 85 per cent of Groupe PSA’s sales come from Europe.

    PSA RegionSalesChange from 2019
    Europe2,123,493-29.7 per cent
    Middle East & Africa197,119+20.0 per cent
    Latin America95,357-29.7 per cent
    China45,965-57.7 per cent
    India & Asia Pacific32,752-6.6 per cent
    – Australia2332-18.0 per cent
    Eurasia17,789+13.7 per cent

    Unfortunately FCA doesn’t break down sales by brand on a global level, but it’s probably safe to assume Jeep vies for top spot with Peugeot, while Ram sits somewhere between Citroen and Opel/Vauxhall.

    SalesChange from 2019
    Peugeot1,118,912 -23.0 per cent
    Citroen717,190-27.5 per cent
    Opel/Vauxhall632,687-35.0 per cent
    DS43,686-29.5 per cent
    Maserati17,200-35 per cent

    Honda: 4.4 million

    Overall, Honda’s sales were down 14.8 per cent last year to 4,406,000 – from 5,173,000 in 2019.

    Thanks to “various consumption stimulation measures” sales in China rose during the year, despite taking a knock in the first quarter due to Coronavirus restrictions.

    Although sales dipped in Japan due to the pandemic, Honda’s N-Box range was once again top of the pops, retaining its kei car crown for the sixth year and overall honours for the fourth.

    Acura, which counts North America and China as its main markets, doesn’t have its figures broken out in Honda’s global reports.

    According to numbers published in the US, the luxury division sold 136,982 cars there in 2020. Although it sells half as many vehicles as Lexus, it is still comfortably ahead of Infiniti.

    SalesChange from 2019
    Asia (ex. Japan)2,038,000-6.9 per cent
    North America1,521,000-20.5 per cent
    Japan601,000-13.3 per cent
    Europe107,000-29.1 per cent
    Other139,000-38.8 per cent

    Honda Motorcycles suffered a bigger fall than the car division, with sales down a staggering 45.8 per cent from 19,596,000 in 2019 to 10,624,000 in 2020.

    With 9.3 million sales, the Asia region, excluding Japan, accounts for 87.6 per cent of all Honda bikes sold. The biggest individual markets are India, Indonesia, Vietnam, Thailand, Pakistan, and the Philippines in order of volume.

    The developed markets of North America (250,000), Europe (177,000), and Japan (160,000) only constitute 5.5 per cent of sales.

    Ford: 4.2 million

    Across its two brands — Ford and Lincoln — the company sold 4,187,000 vehicles in 2020, a drop of 22 per cent from the year prior.

    Although the Blue Oval suffered big drops across all regions except China, its market share was pretty much the same as in 2019.

    Ford and Lincoln had a combined market share of 13.2 per cent in North America, the company’s most commanding market position.

    It also enjoys healthy shares in Europe and South America, where it holds 7.2 per cent and 6.2 per cent respectively.

    Although China could soon overtake Europe as the its second largest market, Ford’s market share there is a mere 2.4 per cent.

    RegionSalesChange from 2019
    North America2,081,000-25 per cent
    Europe1,020,000-27 per cent
    China617,000+15 per cent
    South America185,000-38 per cent
    Rest of the world284,000-29 per cent
    – Australia59,601-5.8 per cent

    Daimler: 2.5 million

    Last year Daimler sold 2,461,884 cars, SUVs and vans, a reduction of 13 per cent from 2019.

    The passenger division, consisting of the Mercedes-Benz and Smart marques, was responsible for 2,087,232 sales (-13 per cent), while the commercial vehicle division sold 374,652 units (-15 per cent).

    SalesChange from 2019
    SUVs888,000+12 per cent
    A-Class & B-Class449,000-15 per cent
    E-Class332,000-21 per cent
    C-Class309,000-30 per cent
    S-Class56,000-25 per cent
    Smart35,000-67 per cent
    Sports cars18,000-36 per cent

    All the company’s passenger car lines saw falls, except for crossovers. Sadly, Daimler didn’t break down the SUV category further.

    Like many other carmakers, Daimler saw growth in China. About 611,000 – or almost 81 per cent – of the company’s sales in the country were locally-made vehicles.

    SalesChange from 2019
    Europe784,000-21 per cent
    – Germany283,000-16 per cent
    China758,000+9 per cent
    US249,000-20 per cent
    Rest of the world296,000-23 per cent
    – Australia29,455-7.9 per cent

    While its passenger car sales are broadly spread around the world, the commercial vehicle division relies heavily on Europe.

    The unit sold 198,000 Sprinter, 103,000 Vito, 55,000 V-Class, and 13,000 Citan vans last year.

    Just 6000 X-Class utes — down from 14,000 in 2019 — found homes after the model was axed part way through the year.

    SalesChange from 2019
    Europe245,000-18 per cent
    North America55,000-2 per cent
    Asia37,000-3 per cent
    Latin America12,000-37 per cent
    Rest of the world26,000-4 per cent
    – Australia6778+1.2 per cent

    Daimler Trucks and Buses sold 378,518 vehicles in 2020, a 27 per cent drop from the prior year. The vast majority were trucks (358,349), with buses (20,169) down a significant 38 per cent from 2019.

    The company announced recently it will spin off the truck and bus unit as Daimler Trucks and Buses, leaving Mercedes-Benz as a standalone firm.

    Suzuki: 2.5 million

    Unless you live in India, Suzuki doesn’t automatically spring to mind as a top 10 force in the automotive world.

    But powered in large part by Maruti Suzuki, it sold 2,448,000 vehicles in 2020, a fall of 11.6 per cent from the prior year.

    Maruti Suzuki continues to enjoy over 50 per cent market share in the world’s second most populous nation, and accounted for 50.5 per cent of Suzuki’s global sales.

    With Japan responsible for a further 25.8 per cent of the automaker’s total, Suzuki is heavily dependent on these two countries. Aside from Europe, other key markets include Pakistan (60,000), Indonesia (71,000), and Thailand (26,000).

    The automotive side of Suzuki no longer has a presence in China after it dissolved its joint venture with Changan Motors in 2018.

    SalesChange from 2019
    India1,236,000-18.2 per cent
    Japan631,000-9.3 per cent
    Europe197,000-32.3 per cent
    Australia15,586-10.0 per cent

    In Japan, Suzuki’s numbers are heavily skewed towards the kei car category, responsible for 523,000 sales or 82.9 per cent.

    The company also produces kei cars for other brands, such as the Mazda Carol which is a rebranded Suzuki Alto. Suzuki is also providing vehicles to Toyota to rebadge for the Indian and African markets, including the Baleno being sold as the Glanza in India and Starlet in South Africa.

    These deals accounted for a further 122,000 sales, but they are not part of the company’s total figure of 2.5 million.

    In 2020 Suzuki sold 1,642,000 motorcycles, down 6.8 per cent. As with cars, India (651,000) is the company’s largest market, although it only accounts for 39.6 per cent of sales.

    That’s because China (335,000), Indonesia (206,000), and the Philippines (167,000) also chip in with significant numbers.

    Developed markets, such as Japan (51,000), Europe (44,000) and North America (38,000), only made up a small portion of its two-wheeler sales.

    BMW Group: 2.3 million

    Across its three brands — BMW, Mini and Rolls-Royce — global sales fell 8.4 per cent from 2019 to 2,324,809.

    While overall sales for the BMW brand were down, the company was pleased to see sales of its most profitable large vehicles — the 7 Series, 8 Series and X7 — increase 12.4 per cent to 115,420.

    SalesChange from 2019
    BMW2,028,659-7.2 per cent
    Mini292,394-15.8 per cent
    Rolls-Royce3,756-26.4 per cent

    Electrified BMW and Mini models accounted for 192,646 of the group’s total figure, up 31.8 per cent from the year before.

    The Mini SE, or Mini Electric, accounted for 17,580 of that figure.

    The BMW M performance brand sold 144,218 cars and SUVs in 2020, an increase of 5.9 per cent.

    RegionSalesChange from 2019
    Europe912,621-16 per cent
    – Germany287,143-13.3 per cent
    Asia984,515+6.1 per cent
    – China777,379+7.4 per cent
    – South Korea69,872+30.5 per cent
    – Australia23,520+0.9 per cent
    USA306,870-18 per cent

    For those who prefer two wheels to four, BMW Motorrad sold 169,272 motorcycles and scooters in 2020, down 3.4 per cent from 2019, which was the unit’s best-ever year.

    Geely/Volvo: 2.1 million

    The Geely Group sold at least 2,091,646 vehicles last year. We haven’t been able to obtain figures for Lotus, LEVC, and Polestar, but together these brands should only account for a few thousand vehicles at most.

    Out of Geely’s total there were around 180,000 Lynk & Co vehicles. Sitting between Geely and Volvo, Lynk & Co has so far only sold cars in China, although it has opened its first store in Europe.

    Only 72,691 or 5.5 per cent of the cars made by Geely or Lynk & Co were exported.

    Geely also owns 49 per cent of Proton and 51 per cent of Lotus. Both of these brands recorded sales increases despite the problems caused by the global pandemic.

    SalesChange from 2019
    Geely/Lynk & Co1,320,217-3 per cent
    Volvo661,713-6.2 per cent
    Proton*109,716+8.8 per cent
    Lotus*N/A+4.4 per cent

    Although Volvo is a luxury marque and an also-ran in much of the world, the brand closed out 2020 as Sweden’s top automotive brand.

    In its homeland, Volvo outsold second-place Volkswagen by around 9000 units and doubled third-placed Kia’s tally.

    RegionSalesChange from 2019
    Europe287,902-15.5 per cent
    – Sweden53,701-16.1 per cent
    China166,617+7.5 per cent
    USA110,129+1.8 per cent
    Rest of the world97,065-4.5 per cent
    – Australia7,700-1.0 per cent

    Crossovers rule much of the world, and Volvo’s model-by-model breakdown reflects this.

    SUVs account for 71.0 per cent of Volvo’s global sales, with sedans making up 14.9 per cent and wagons 13.7 per cent.

    ModelSalesChange from 2019
    XC60191,696-6.5 per cent
    XC40185,406+32.6 per cent
    XC9092,458-8.2 per cent
    V6064,912-5.3 per cent
    S6052,251+22.1 per cent
    S9046,027-18.3 per cent
    V9025,569-37.1 per cent
    V403394-93.4 per cent

    Proton: 109,716

    During the 1990s, Proton aggressively chased export markets including Australia, but the brand is now almost exclusively reliant on sales in Malaysia.

    According to figures from Paul Tan, Proton sold 108,524 cars at home in 2020, meaning just 1192 vehicles were sold beyond Malaysia’s borders.

    While Proton’s sales rose despite a two month Coronavirus shutdown, the firm remains Malaysia’s second most popular car brand behind Perodua (220,163).

    Proton’s most popular models were the Saga sedan (46,527) and Persona (23,917), both of which were designed in house. Third place belonged to the X70 crossover (21,944), which is essentially a rebadged right-hand drive version of the Geely Boyue.

    Mazda: 1.2 million

    Sales across the globe dropped by 16.9 per cent to 1,243,000, with the steepest fall occurring in Europe.

    Despite China and the USA employing wildly different tactics to handle the COVID-19 pandemic and enjoying divergent results, Mazda only saw modest falls in both nations.

    SalesChange from 2019
    USA384,000-5.4 per cent
    China214,000-5.7 per cent
    Europe180,000-38.1 per cent
    Japan178,000-12.3 per cent
    Rest of the world287,000-22.2 per cent
    – Australia85,640-12.3 per cent

    Subaru: 0.9 million

    With sales of 894,100 in 2020, Subaru recorded a drop of 11.3 per cent from the prior year.

    For casual observers, what’s most surprising about the numbers is the company’s heavy reliance on the US market, which accounts for 71.4 per cent of its sales.

    Even the Big Three are less reliant on the USA, with GM deriving only 37 per cent of sales from its home market.

    North America accounts for 49.7 per cent of Ford’s 4.2 million vehicles, while Fiat Chrysler’s 2.0 million sales in the region equated to 54.7 per cent of its total.

    That figure helps explain why the Legacy sedan and Ascent three-row crossover were developed and are exclusively sold there.

    SalesChange from 2019
    USA638,300-6.7 per cent
    Japan100,800-23.4 per cent
    Canada53,800-1.7 per cent
    Australia31,501-21.3 per cent
    China23,300-1.3 per cent
    Europe21,200-32.1 per cent

    In its homeland the automaker sold 20,200 kei cars — all of which are rebadged Daihatsus, thanks to Toyota’s minority stake in Subaru — and 80,600 regular-sized vehicles.

    Without a factory in China, Subaru’s presence there is minuscule.

    Saddled with heavy import tariffs, Subaru sells fewer vehicles in a country of 1.4 billion than it does in a nation of just under 26 million (that’s Australia, by the way).

    Tata Motors inc. Jaguar Land Rover: 0.6 million

    It’s little hard to get a handle on Tata’s sales figures for last year, as the numbers for Jaguar Land Rover provided by Tata and British automaker differ by about 20,000 units.

    Suffice to say Tata Motors sold between 570,000 and 600,000 passengers cars globally last year.

    According to its own accounting, Jaguar Land Rover was responsible for 425,974 of that total, down 23.6 per cent from the year before.

    SalesChange from 2019
    Jaguar102,494-36.6 per cent
    Land Rover323,480-18.3 per cent

    Land Rover’s top markets were North America, China, and the UK, while Jaguar’s best regions were the UK, China, and Europe. 

    Overall the group’s sales were split fairly evenly: North America (25 per cent), China (23 per cent), UK (20 per cent), Europe (19 per cent), and the rest of the world (13 per cent).

    The top three models in the Land Rover range were the Range Rover Evoque, Range Rover Sport, and the Land Rover Discovery Sport.

    Over at Jaguar the best selling cars were the F-Pace, E-Pace, and XE.

    The passenger car division of Tata says it sold 170,697 vehicles last year.

    Tata’s commercial truck and bus division makes up a significant portion of the automaker’s sales, according for 231,185 units last year.

    If added to the passenger car division, it raises Tata Motors total figure to between 805,000 and 830,000.

    Derek Fung

    Derek Fung would love to tell you about his multiple degrees, but he's too busy writing up some news right now. In his spare time Derek loves chasing automotive rabbits down the hole. Based in New York, New York, Derek loves to travel and is very much a window not an aisle person.

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